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Luxury Townhouses in 2009

NEWS ALERT: Exclusive Luxury Townhouses are soon to be built with the most stunning ocean views in Sao Vicente. Spacious 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms with 2 En-suite and infinity pool. Be sure to complete the Property Form for more details and read more on Sao Vicente. These Townhouses are believed to double in value by 2011 when the International Airport will be open. Alternatively, you can request a property pack by calling our UK Office on 0208 517 8856.

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CAPE VERDE HISTORY

There is no evidence of the islands having been inhabited prior to the arrival of the Portuguese, but it is thought that the Moors had visited Sal to collect salt supplies in previous centuries. The history of Cape Verde records dates back to 1460 when the Portuguese navigators Diogo Gomes and António de Noli sighted Maio and São Tiago. In 1462 the first settlers from Portugal landed on Sao Tiago, subsequently founding there the oldest European city in the tropics—Ribeira Grande (now Cidade Velha). Sugar was planted in an attempt to emulate the success of the earlier settlement of Madeira. Cape Verde's dry climate was less favourable for growing sugar but, with the development of the transatlantic slave trade, the importance and the wealth of the islands did increase. In 1532 the first bishop was consecrated. The prosperity of Ribeira Grande however, attracted pirates who attacked the city in 1541. The English later attacked it twice—in 1585 and 1592—the first time under the command of Sir Francis Drake. After a French attack in 1712, the city of Ribeira was abandoned. Portugal attempted to then administer its possessions and commerce on the African coast through the Cape Verde islands. Until the 19th century, trade was controlled through the crown-issued monopoly contracts. English, French, and Dutch activity in the area meant however that the crown was never really able to enforce its edicts. Smuggling was rife.

From the 17th to the 19th century, Cape Verde was famous for its woven cotton cloth (panos). Cotton grew easily, and indigo produced a rich blue dye. The skill of narrow-loom weaving had come with the slaves from the western African coast. The cloths were a valuable form of currency for the slave trade on the mainland.

With the decline of the slave trade (which was finally abolished in 1876) and with increasing drought, the prosperity of the islands slowly vanished. In the early 1800s, they experienced recurrent drought and famine as well as government corruption and maladministration. Conditions improved toward the end of the 1800s with the establishment at Mindelo (Capital of Sao Vicente). A coaling station and a submarine cable station was formed. After World War I, prosperity again declined as fewer ships visited Mindelo. The colonial administration encouraged emigration to the cocoa plantations of São Tomé and Princípe.

The Portuguese administration of Cape Verde was unified under a governor in 1587. The status of the islands was changed in 1951 from that of a colony to an overseas province. In 1961 all of the citizens were given full Portuguese citizenship.

During the war for independence from Portugal (1961–75) fought by its colonies in Africa, Cape Verde was used as a garrison by the Portuguese army. Some Cape Verdeans fled to Guinea-Bissau to join the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC), under the leadership of Amílcar Cabral.

On July 5, 1975, Cape Verde was granted independence from Portugal. The secretary general of the PAIGC, Aristides Pereira became the first president of the new independent republic. Disapproval of the 1980 coup in Guinea-Bissau prompted the dissolution of the Cape Verde branch of PAIGC and resulted in the formation of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV) in 1981. President Pereira was reelected in February of the same year. In 1990 a multiparty system was established, and Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro of the Movement for Democracy (MpD) became president in 1991 elections. Cape Verde affirmed its nonaligned status and was able to seek foreign aid from several sources to salvage its economy and to fund development; the country also focused on economic expansion. To that end, the government enacted policies to privatize state-owned companies and attract foreign investors in the early 1990s.

Monteiro ran unopposed in 1996 and was duly re-elected. During his tenure, the country continued to experience economic struggles and both the MpD and the PAICV held the troubled economy to be their primary concern. During the legislative and presidential elections of 2001, the PAICV was returned to power, with Pedro Pires narrowly winning the presidential race. That same year, food shortages—a common predicament for the country—worsened considerably, and the government relied heavily on foreign aid and food imports to feed the country.

The poverty and high rates of unemployment that plagued Cape Verde in the 1990s continued into the 2000s, even as the government made strides in reaching economic goals. In the 21st century, the country continued to successfully pursue political and economic relationships around the globe, courting foreign investors and creating and maintaining diplomatic ties in the international community.

In recent years, many foreign investors have now been attracting into Cape Verde, mainly on the islands of Sao Vicente, Sal and Boa Vista where a growing infrastructure is being successfully achieved.

Here below is a historic article written by; *Partido Africano de Independencia de Cabo Verde.

' Cidade Velha or Ribeira Grande as it was then named reflects a fascinating history .. dating back to the Islands discovery in 1456. The uninhabited island of Santiago, founded in 1462 was colonised by the Portuguese, the first permanent settlement city in the tropics. Slaves were brought here from West Arica and by the 16th century Santiago was highly successful as the transatlantic slave trade flourished.

In 1675 the decline of the Islands became apparent when the Portuguese Crown agreed monopoly rights whereby slaves could be directly bought from the coast on New Guinea bypassing Cape Verde completely. In addition Cape Verde became increasingly vulnerable to attacks by rival countries as well as pirates. An attack in 1712 by the French led to the sacking of Santiago and robbed Ribeira Grande of its riches. The city declined in importance and in 1770 Praia became the capital.

Cape Verde suffered the first of many droughts in 1742. Despite their requests Portugal refused to plough money into the Islands for nothing in return. With goats overgrazing on the already limited vegetation and the severe lack of funds it was inevitable that famine was going to strike. As a result thousands of people died as the droughts and starvation took hold. It is thought that 44% of the population at that time died. The once lush islands were now dry and barren. Many Cape Verdeans fled the Islands and emigrated to America in the hope of a better life.

Cape Verde sufferd rapid economic decline as the slave trade was eventually abolished in 1876. As the 19th century approached changes started occuring, new steam ships were born as a result of the industrial revolution and needed somewhere to stop and reload with coal on their long journeys. Due to the Islands location, it was the ideal place for America-bound ships to stop here for ship repairs and supplies. The Brits soon set up coaling stations here and Mindelo, its capital grew exceptionally quick.

Until 1879, Cape Verde was part of the Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea-Bissau) separated from Guinea Bissau in 1980 and in 1951 the status of the Islands changed · from colony to overseas province. The affirmation ofthe Cape Verde an Nation happened on the 5th July 1975 (National Independence Day) when the oldest party PAICV* won . independence for the country and ruled for many years to come.

This nation has been plagued by drought causing widespread economical problems, emigration and the need to import a large percentage of their food. Despite this, Cape Verde now enjoys peace and stability and is free of conflict. With the rise of tourism there is hope once again for the Islands. '