CAPE VERDE MUSIC
Cape Verde is known internationally for morna, a form of folk music usually sung in the Cape Verdean Creole, accompanied by clarinet, violin, guitar and cavaquinho. The islands also boast funanÃ¡ and batuque music. Cape Verde have a radio station called PraiaFM and all types of music can be heard.
Morna is by the most popular genre of Cape Verdean music, and it has produced an international superstar in CesÃ¡ria Ã‰vora. Morna is a national song-style, like Argentinian tango beloved by Cape Verdeans across the many islands of the country. It is related to Portuguese fado and its close cousin, Brazilian modinha. Lyrics are usually in Creole, and reflect highly-variable themes, including love and lust, patriotism and mourning.
Morna is believed to have originated on Boa Vista as a cheerful song-type. EugÃ©nio Tavares was an influential songwriter of the period, and his songs are still extensively performed. Morna also spread to SÃ£o Vicente, and composers like B. Leza and Manuel de Novas became popular. Solo vocalists are accompanied by a guitar, violin, bass guitar) and a piano. The cavaquinho (similar to a ukulele), a Portuguese instrument, is also common.
Aside from Ã‰vora, popular morna musicians include Ildo Lobo, Titinha, Celina Pereira, Bana, Djosinha, B. Leza, Travadinha, SÃ£ozinha and Maria Alice.
FunanÃ¡ is an accordion-based genre from Santiago. Prior to independence, funanÃ¡ was denigrated by colonial authorities, who considered it African. Since independence however Cape Verde bands like Bulimundo adapted the music for pop audiences and FinaÃ§on, who combined funanÃ¡ and coladeira into a fusion called funacola.
In the 1930s, Morna evolved in a swifter form of music called coladeira. It is a more light-hearted and humorous genre, with sensual rhythms. Performers include Manuel de Novas, Frank Cavaquim, Djosa Marques and Os TubarÃµes.
Batuque is also popular in Cape Verde. Originally a woman's folk music, batuque is an improvised music with strong satirical or critical lyrics. In the 80's, Orlando Pantera has created the "new batuco" (neo-batuku), but he died in 2001 before to achieve his creative work. Cape Verde Performers and songwriters are Pantera, VadÃº, Tcheka, Mayra Andrade, Lura, Zeca di nha Reinalda.
There are many Cape Verdeans living abroad, especially in the United States, where they are concentrated in California, Hawaii and throughout New England, especially Rhode Island and Boston. Many came on whaling ships in the 19th century. Their music included string bands like The B-29s, Notias, Augusto Abrio and the Cape Verdean Serenaders. There were also Cape Verdean big bands, including the Creole Vagabonds and the Don Verdi Orchestra. More modern musicians include Zouk singer and Kora Award winner Suzanna Lubrano, Frank de Pina, Mendes Brothers (and their influential record label, MB Records), Saozinha, Creole Sextet and Rui Pina.
Guitar making is big on the islands especially on Sao Vicente, where there are various workshops, some even open to the public. There are often musicians playing guitars around the restaurants and on the streets.
Carnival time in Cape Verde
Don't forget in mid February every year it's Carnival time! with Brazilian and Creole influences Cape Verde sees colourful Carnival festivities across the archipelago - the most famous held in Mindelo on Sao Vicente where street parades, traditional music and dancing take to the streets and label it the 'Capital of Entertainment'.